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Searching for a sustainable model to manage and treat wastewater in Jalisco, Mexico.
Harvey Shear
Acceso Abierto
Waste Water Treatment, Decentralized Sanitation Systems, Natural Treatment Systems, Water Reuse, Sustainable Wastewater Management
"The goal of this paper was to determine the general status of wastewater treatment facilities in Jalisco State, the main issues faced by the municipalities of the State to keep them in operation and the issues that need to be solved for the future to achieve a sustainable sanitation service. To achieve this goal, several official sources were reviewed and analyzed, interviews with decision makers in several municipalities where carried out and technical literature on sustainable technologies for sewage treatment systems was reviewed. According to official records, in 2013, Mexico achieved a sanitation coverage of 47.5% and in Jalisco State 50.5%. Nevertheless, 43.5% of the installed wastewater treatment infrastructure in the state does not operate or was abandoned due mainly to high energy, maintenance and operating costs. Most of the treatment plants in Mexico have technologies based on centralized systems using conventional processes such as activated sludge or aerated lagoons, requiring high energy and specialized personnel. This situation led us to consider the possibility of a different way to manage the sanitation plans for the state of Jalisco and for Mexico in general, as a developing country. At the global level, emerging technologies based on low carbon footprint technologies are offering an alternative to manage sewage treatment in a sustainable way".
International Society for Development and Sustainability (ISDS) Journals
International Journal of Development and Sustainability. 5(6): 278-294.
de Anda, J. and Shear, H. (2016), “Searching for a sustainable model to manage and treat wastewater in Jalisco, Mexico”, International Journal of Development and Sustainability, Vol. 5 No. 6, pp. 278-294.
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